Category: travel


Conclusion

During this 22-day trip, I went to a total of 7 museums on Soviet history, 9 beaches on the Baltic Sea, and participated in 11 orienteering competitions.

In the museums of the two regions, we can see the different feelings of the people of the two regions in the same period of history. Russia regards the Soviet Union as the most glorious period of its country, as a world superpower at that time. Russian museums display many Soviet leaflets on conquering the world and inserting the Soviet flag into the poles of the earth. On the contrary, Lithuania and Latvia regarded the Soviet Union as an illegal occupier and placed the Soviet Union and the Nazi exhibition together, showing the brutal totalitarian occupations and the determination of freedom of the people in the later stages.

In the previous travel logs, I have used the words “communist bandit” and “occupation” etc., those used in Taiwan during the martial law period. Apart from describing the China communist occupied area in Free China, they can also be used to describe the Soviet occupied areas in the Western Free World during the Cold War.

After the Second World War, the Communist Party which maintained power using violence, carried out massacres, genocide, and population transfers in its occupied areas, and set up an iron curtain on its borders, causing numerous families to be broken, including big cities such as Berlin, fishing villages such as Shenzhen, and even as far as Diomede Islands with ice and snow, where only primitive people lived. After Stalin’s death, the level of violence has decreased, but censorship, imprisonment, suppression and exile were still common. In the late 1980s, when the Soviet Union was in a recession, Gorbachev tried to save the economy by removing the bandit behaviour of the Communist Party, including no longer interfering with other communist countries, redressing millions of political prisoners, re-launching the banned books, and hope to establish the legitimacy of the Communist rule by democratic process. However, after the election, the result was not he wanted to see: the Communist Party was overthrown and the Soviet Union was disintegrated.

After the world-wide democracy movement, the iron curtain in Europe had completely fallen, and there was no place for burial of the communists. However, in the area of ​​Communist-governed China, the Communist Party’s bandit behaviour remained the same. The democratic movement in the Communist-governed China in the 1980s ended with a massacre. So far, the Communist Party has been arbitrarily suppressing and detaining ethnic minorities in China.

Hong Kong, then a member of the Western Free World, although not democratic and sovereign, was one of the most developed regions in the world with the best rule of law and freedom, countless people in the bandit-occupied area fled to Hong Kong in order to escape the Communist’s bamboo curtain. No matter how many propaganda machines were operated by the Communists, the fleeing couldn’t be stopped. However, time has always been borrowed. Hong Kong has fallen into the hands of the Communist Party since 1997. Although the Communist Party has promised to retain the original system for 50 years, things that have happened in recent years, such as the tear gas in Admiralty, disqualification of Legislative Council members, political parties stated to be illegal, and even the Communist authorities have publicly stated that the “Sino-British Joint Declaration” is a historical document. It has been shown that although the Communists cannot directly control Hong Kong under the system, it can be manipulated through puppets in Hong Kong. Since there is no democracy in Hong Kong, these puppets are actually not authorized by the people of Hong Kong. This has caused Hong Kong people to worry that Hong Kong will lose its original advantages and become part of the bandit area. Some even used Tibet as a metaphor. In 1951, the bandit army entered Tibet, signed a treaty which retained the original government and system in the Tibetan area. However, in 1959, the Communist bandit used a riot as an excuse to completely tear up the treaty and completely communise Tibet, and deliberately slaughter the people.

“Hong Kong independence” has never been heard before, because Hong Kong people’s ethnicity and cultural identity are both Chinese. However, in recent years, as the communists strengthened the control, the radicals have begun to emerge, and “Hong Kong independence” has been stated openly as a political goal, and the communists used whatever means possible to suppress (the “Hong Kong National Party” is an example). Although “Hong Kong independence” is not feasible in mainstream public opinion, perhaps from Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, the story of independence from the Soviet Union may give some inspiration. Leung Kai Chi launched a new book: “On The Road of Indenpendence: Thinking about the Future of Hong Kong from the Former Soviet Union”, which tells about the experiences of seven countries after the collapse of the former Soviet Union and the future of Hong Kong.

In addition to going to the museum to experience history and reflect on the future, I also went to a number of beaches, both in the city and in the suburbs, each with different characteristics.

The beaches I have visited are, in the order of coastline, Yantarny (Янтарный), Svetlogorsk (Светлогорск), Zelenogradsk (Зеленоградск), Morskoye (Морское), Nida, Juodkrantė, Smiltynė, Jūrmala and Vecāḳi. I think the environment is better in Yantarny and the beaches along the Curonian Spit (Morskoye, Nida, Juodkrantė, Smiltynė).

Although Hong Kong is located by the sea, the coastline is curved and its beaches are quite short. Because Hong Kong is located in a subtropical area, the summer is quite hot and the water temperature is 28 °C, a bit too hot to swim. Russia’s Baltic coast is very different, the beach can be more than 100 kilometers, from Zelenogradsk continuing uninterrupted until Smiltynė. The water temperature in the summer is generally 18 ° C, but unfortunately I encountered a historical heat wave during the trip, the water temperature reached 21 ° C or even higher, there is no cooling effect. The coastline there is quite flat and the water is very shallow. It is only a few meters deep even a few hundred meters out. I can easily stand on the bottom of the water at all the beaches I went along the coast, unlike some places in Hong Kong where the water depth can be 10 metres or more just by swimming out a hundred metres or even less, difficult to reach the bottom.

Another feature of the Baltic Sea is that the salinity of the sea is extremely low, almost fresh water. In the middle part of the Baltic Sea I visited, the salt content was only 7 in thousand, which is one-fifth of the ocean. The feeling of swimming there is very different from that of other places facing the ocean, like Hong Kong. Because of the low salt content, the density of sea water is relatively low. The buoyancy provided is relatively small, and it is easy to sink the bottom with a little exhalation. In the northern part of Bothnia Bay, the salt content is only 2 in thousand. The creatures inside are freshwater creatures, and the sea is frozen for half a year.

Zelenogradsk Beach is the most special one. The beach has rows of wooden walls to protect the coast from being eroded by big waves. The pier there is a popular spot for pier jumping, where everyone queues to jump.

I participated in 11 orienteering competitions on this trip, including 2 ranked competition. But unfortunately, I did not perform well in these two competitions. I didn’t score very low. (In TrailO ranking, low score means good result, 0 score is the level of world champion), however. I achieved 58/61 result in the subsequent training competition. For TrailO, this is my first time to go abroad to participate in the forest orienteering competition, and I finally finished it with lots of mistakes. Overall, I feel that my orienteering technique has made progress in the trip. But unfortunately, this sport has not yet matured in Asia, there is little room for improvement in Asia, but I can’t afford to take long-distance flights to Europe every few months (for example, going to the Czech Republic in October). I plan to wait until the 2019 calendar come out to decide my further action, and hope that my world rankings will return to within 100 or even 50.

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August 13th to 14th: departure

The trip finally came to the end. I took number 22 bus from Riga to the airport, then took an Aeroflot Russian Airlines plane back to Moscow.

Riga Airport is the largest airport in the Baltic region, but I only see it as a medium-sized airport. I only see narrow-body airliners. The vast majority of the aircraft inside are on domestic lines, and only the two gates in the farthest are used for international lines. And I am taking the international line, so I need to go to the farthest side for border inspection.

Riga is the hub of Baltic Airlines, a state-owned low-cost airline in Latvia, and recently opened a route as far as Almaty.

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I took an Aeroflot flight from Riga to Moscow and a China Southern Airlines flight from Moscow to Guangzhou. The baggage could be checked through to the end. However, only the first boarding pass was obtained in Riga. After arriving in Moscow, I got the boarding pass for China Southern at the transfer counter. There are two flights per day from Moscow to Guangzhou. The Aeroflot Russian Airlines flight took off from terminal F, while the China Southern Airlines flight took off from terminal D. Therefore, I only needed to stay in terminal D to transfer.

The aeroplane food of China Southern Airlines was much better than that of Russian Airlines.

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The flight was an overnight flight. I finally returned to Guangzhou on the morning of August 14, transferred to metro and conventional speed train to return to Shenzhen and Hong Kong to end the trip.
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August 10th to 12th: Last days in Riga

After I returned to Riga, there were two Latvia O-Week competitions remaining. On August 10, I went to Mazie Kangari to participate in the middle distance race. On August 12, I went to Turaida near Sigulda to participate in the long distance race.

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On August 10th, I returned to Riga after the competition and took the Ollex Express to the Hill of Crosses. The crosses originated from the Tsarist period. In order to commemorate the dead whose body couldn’t be found, the Lithuanians inserted crosses on the hill. It became a symbol of resistance to the bandit puppet government during the occupation period after the Second World War. The communist bandit considered the hill as forbidden land and tried to eradicate it. It has repeatedly set fire to the hill, but the Lithuanian people have been constantly re-inserting new ones. At one time, it even wanted to build a dam nearby, so that the Hill of Crosses would be buried, but in the end it did not happen. After Lithuania regained its freedom, the hill became a symbol of peace, and the people were free to put crosses. It is estimated that more than 100,000 crosses are on the mountain.
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On August 11th, I didn’t have a competition, so I went to the Occupation Museum and the KGB Museum.

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Article 58 of the Criminal Law of the Russian Soviet Socialist Republic “Counter-revolutionary crimes” was used as a legal basis for arbitrary suppression and massacres of the people for the purpose of population cleansing. For example, a political joke could be seen as “Anti-Soviet and counter-revolutionary propaganda and agitation”. Once reported, it will be imprisoned for years.

The museum also displays a large number of celebrities who was jailed, including the leader of the Latvian Scouts. A considerable number of them were eventually executed, and some of those who were not executed were released after the death of Stalin.

I went to the beach of Vecāḳi. The heat wave had already passed. It was raining earlier that day. The air temperature was only 16 °C, but the water temperature was still 21 °C.

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After the competition on August 12th, I went to the beach of Jūrmala. The wind was very strong on the day, the current was very fast, and a red flag was hung on the beach.
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I took a commuter train from Riga to Jūrmala. This route uses electrified trains. Majori Railway Station is the central station of the town. It has only two platforms, and the bus station is directly next to the platform without any obstruction. The train station is built on the edge of the lake, and crossing the rail is needed to reach the platform to the direction of Riga. Its ticket office does not open continuously for a long time.

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August 4th to 9th: World Orienteering Championships (sprint), World Trail Orienteering Championships

After arriving Riga, I reached at the main part of my journey: orienteering competitions. This year’s World Orienteering Championships and World Trail Orienteering Championships were held together.

I am an official representative in TempO only, so I participated in the public events for the rest of the competitions. August 4th was the sprint World Championships, the preliminary was held in the park, and the final was held in the old town of Riga.

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In the afternoon finals, there were live broadcast and GPS tracking, but the Hong Kong team did not have a finalist.
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The Occupation Museum is under reconstruction.
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A photo of our Hong Kong team, including FootO team and TrailO team (photo taken from OAHK)
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As the TrailO competitions were held in Daugavpils, we drove there.

On August 5th, in the model event, we made the final practice before the competition. After the model event, we paid, turned on the TV and computer to watch the sprint relay live broadcast and GPS tracking.

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August 6th was the TempO World Championships, held at Daugavpils Fortress. The Hong Kong team had 4 official representatives and I am one of them. The competition is divided into preliminary and finals. The preliminary was divided into 2 groups, and the first 18 competitors in each group entered the finals. In the preliminary, there were 6 stations, 4 questions per station. My score was 460.5 seconds and I could not reach the finals. The Hong Kong team eventually had 2 participants to enter the finals.

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August 7th is the first day of the PreO competition, the event centre is in Daugavpils 16th Secondary School. I was not an official team member, so I participated in the public event (the same course as the World Championships). My score on the day was 26/28, which was better than all official Hong Kong representatives, but this was only a practice competition and had no effect on the world rankings (only the official World Championships would be counted).

After that, I returned to Riga and went to Laurenči near Sigulda on August 8 to participate in a middle race of Latvia O-Week. The train from Riga to Sigulda is quite outdated, using a diesel train. However, the ticket purchase could be done using a webpage or an application and displayed to the train controller, without any gates.

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At the arena I met with the chairman of the Orienteering Association, and members of the Scout Orienteering Club.
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Then I returned to Daugavpils again.
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Daugavpils Railway Station is a railway station that was rebuilt in occupation era 1951. In the picture above, there are traces of suspected dismantling of Russian station name. Trains run to Riga, Vilnius and Minsk.

August 9th was the second day of PreO competition. I participated in the public competition and got 32/33. It was also better than all official Hong Kong representatives. The total score of the two days was 58/61, which was equivalent to about 20th place in the World Championships. I returned to Riga again after the competition.

August 1st to 3rd: Falco Cup

The three-day Falco Cup competition was held in Smiltynė. Our Hong Kong team travels daily between Klaipėda and Smiltynė.

The first two days of the competition included PreO and TempO, and on the third day there was only PreO, which was a world ranking event. In PreO, I got 13/21 on the first day, 17/23 on the second day, and 18/28 on the third day world ranking event. The TempO competition had 3 stations each day, with 5 questions each. The total score of 30 questions on two days was 747 seconds.

After the second day of the competition, we went to the south for bike training and went to the beach. At that time, the sea temperature was as high as 23 degrees.

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Photo taken from Orienteering Association of Hong Kong
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The northern terminal of the 239 line bus operated by KönigAuto (КёнигАвто) is located at the old pier of Smiltynė, where the bus parks in the afternoon, which may be with Russian license plate.

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Although the routes 239 and 384 are both advertised to be between Kaliningrad and Klaipėda, the two terminals are different: The Kaliningrad terminal of route 239 operated by KönigAuto is located at the company’s private “international bus station”, some distance from the city centre, and the bus only reaches the old pier of Smiltynė at the northern end of the Curonian Spit for Klaipėda, passengers must take the ferry to cross the harbour to the city centre; route 384 operated by Klaipėda Bus Park starts from the bus station in Kaliningrad city centre near the South Railway Station, and the bus cross the harbour by vehicle ferry and arrives at the bus station near Klaipėda train station.

After the competition on August 3, we drove to Riga to prepare for the sprint race of the next day. On the way, the internal border between Lithuania and Latvia is crossed.

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July 31th: Klaipėda museum tour

On the last day before the arrival of the Hong Kong team, I visited the museums in Klaipeda. I first took a ferry from Smiltynė to Klaipėda. At that time, the ticket office was not open, and no one checked the ticket at the gate. The ferry was therefore free of charge. (Passengers generally buy a round-trip ticket in Klaipėda, because the vast majority of visitors are round-trip).

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After going ashore, I went to the 39/45 museum. 39/45 refers to the years in which the Second World War began and ended.

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Then went to the Lithuanian Minor History Museum.

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Finally went to the clock museum

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I intended to go to resistance and deportation exhibition. The information I found says it closed at 17:00, I went there before 16:00, but it was closed.

July 29-30: Curonian Spit (North)

I went to the beach the next day after I arrived in Nida. The beaches there are divided into nude beach, ladies beach, family beach, etc.

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I went to the southernmost nude beach, went all the way south, and finally saw a sign.

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To the south is the border closed zone, and the lighthouse is at the national border.

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There was another tourist there, who gave me a telescope to look at the real border fence 800 meters away and the Russian soldiers in the lighthouse.

In the afternoon, I went to the Visitor Centre to buy an orienteering map for a tour, in order to familiarize myself with the competition environment in Smiltynė in the next few days.

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Because I missed the sunset one night earlier, I hoped I could go to Death Valley once to watch the sunset, but unfortunately there was a thunderstorm before sunset! The opportunity was gone. I only went up the next morning.

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Then I took the bus to Juodkrantė to see the Hill of Witches (Raganų kalnas).
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Then go to the beach again.
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and enter the forest to familiarise the terrain.
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The hostel I stayed in was left over from the occupation era. I was able to see a cash machine with Russian written from the old days.
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A few photos at the seaside.

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July 28th: ​​Curonian Spit (South)

The Curonian Spit is 98 kilometres long (101 kilometres for the only road above), a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and a national park. Car entry is subject to double high fees, which costs 20 Euros to enter the North in the summer and 300 rubles to enter the South. In general, cycling is the most cost-effective method.

There are 9 settlements on the Curonian Spit. They includes in order:
Lesnoy (11 km)
Rybachy (33.7 km)
Morskoye (44.2 km)
Nida (52.8 km)
Preila (61.8 km)
Pervalka (67 km)
Juodkrantė (80.5 km)
Alksnynė (91.8 km)
Smiltynė (101 km)
Among them, Nida is the largest and has the size of a town. It is the administrative center of Neringa Municipality (Neringos savivaldybė), ranging from Nida to Alksnynė. Smiltynė belongs to Klaipėda city (Klaipėdos miestas). Lesnoy to Morskoye belongs to the Zelenogradsky district (Зеленоградского района) Curonian Spit rural settlement (Сельское поселение Куршская коса).

I took the 593 bus into the Curonian Spit National Park in the morning. The bus was used by a lot of people in the morning of a summer weekend. I took the 10:51 trip and there were two buses running at the same time. Both of them were full.

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Vehicles entering the national park are subject to payment and a queue appeared at the toll booth.
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I first got off at the museum. There used to be an airfield in the area.
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Then went to Müller’s Height (Высота Мюллера)

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Then to Dancing Forest (Танцующий лес)

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Then to Efa (Эфа) Height.

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Then to Morskoye. I visited the beach first, that beach comes from at least Zelenogradsk and continues to Smiltynė all the way, with at least 100 km long.

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Morskoye is a small village. There are only one convenience store and one bicycle rental in the inside. There are a few cafés at the intersection. There are no other commercial activities, no souvenirs, amber, etc. The bicycle rental price is 100 rubles per hour, 500 rubles during the day, and 600 rubles a day and night, mainly for the local Nida day tour business.

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As mentioned above, Morskoye is only about 10 to 12 km away from the largest town Nida on the Curonian Spit (apart from this, the nearest settlement of comparable scale is Zelenogradsk, 44 km outside). But this is a fucking traffic bottleneck, the buses from Zelenogradsk (I took these buses all day to visit all the above attractions) terminate at this small village, only one bus in the morning and evening continue to Nida. (the morning bus is 239 and the evening bus is 384). After arriving in Nida, there is again an hourly bus to Smiltynė.

The ticket of 384 bus can be pre-ordered on the Lithuanian website. I ordered a ticket from Morskoye to Nida, with the time shown on ticket as 18:40.

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Because I thought the bus may arrive early (17:33 from Zelenogradsk, the section of the road is 44 kilometers, the scheduled time of other routes is only about 55 to 60 minutes, 18:40 is obviously unreasonable), so I went to the bus stop at 18:20 (that is, 20 minutes before the ticket, 47 minutes after Zelenogradsk opened), but the result is still not being able to take the bus!

I had been there until 19:00 and I couldn’t see the bus passing by, but I saw the other two routes scheduled after the 384 bus, also departed from Zelenogradsk, arrived the terminal Morskoye.

So I tried to ask the villagers in the café see if they saw a bus going to the direction of Nida before 18:20, but there was language barrier (I don’t know Russian, the locals don’t understand English), and WhatsApp’ed a local friend at the same time, as well as tried to call the hostel I booked in Nida. However, the bus company’s telephone number is a long-distance number, and the hostel’s telephone number is also a long-distance number. The local mobile phone network was extremely poor, I couldn’t receive the Viber callback from the hostel. After some time, the villagers drove me to the direction of Nida, but they could only reach the national park gate 3.5 kilometres beyond, which was only 7 kilometres to Nida, and the area after the gate was a border closed zone, which was forbidden to walk through.

The villagers put me down at the gate of the National Park and explained my situation to the staff. Then the staff helped me to catch passing-by cars and hoped that there would be a car that could sent me through the border closed area to the other side. But as the sunset was approaching, there were fewer and fewer cars passing by. Finally after about an hour, a kind Lithuanian lady, returning to Klaipėda, carried me to Nida. I originally planned to go to Death Valley to watch the sunset after taking the bus to the hostel, however, as I couldn’t get on the bus, I had already passed the sunset time. Fortunately, there is a local supermarket that closed at 23:00, which I had about 20 minutes after arriving the hostel, I rushed to buy a new phone card (the original Russian phone card had become roaming and cannot be used). When I reconnected to the network, my local friend also responded to me by WhatsApp. The bus company replied that the bus had passed Morskoye and was heading to Klaipėda and could not see me. This also meant that the bus might have been speeding all the way, and took less than 50 minutes from Zelenogradsk to Morskoye.

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July 26-27: coast of Kaliningrad Oblast

I first went to the local theme park “Youth Recreation Park”. There are a variety of facilities, including a Ferris wheel, a roller coaster, etc. There is also a learning centre. There is a chess club inside promited. I entered the house and took a few photos:

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Then take the route 120 suburban bus from the train station to Yantarny. The bus runs every hour and there will be additional buses on sunny days in summer.
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It was indeed a sunny day in the summer, and encountered a historical heat wave in Europe. There was no additional bus before the 12:27 departure that I took, and the result was bus full.
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Yantarny (Янтарный), formerly known as Palmnicken before the fall, was named after the fall because of the local amber. Yantarny is now a famous beach resort in Kaliningrad, and the beach is blue-flag certified, representing a range of international quality standards. The beaches there are endless.按圖片以查看大圖 名稱: IMG_20180726_150628.jpg 查看次數: 0 文件大小: 4.38 MB ID: 2491252

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Also because the place was encountering a historical heat wave, I felt that the sea was not cool enough when I went swimming. The air temperature was above 28 °C and the water temperature was 21 °C, which was 3 °C higher than normal. The water of the Baltic Sea is not salty, and the salt content is only one-fifth of the ocean. Therefore, the buoyancy is greatly reduced, and it is easy to sink the bottom. However, the slope of the entire beach is very low. It is still very shallow far from the shore, and I can easily stand on the bottom of the water.

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After a night in Yantarny, I took a bus to continue the journey to Svetlogorsk, then transfer to an electric train to Zelenogradsk.

Svetlogorsk (Светлогорск), formerly known as Rauschen before the fall, is a seaside spa town. As I was just passing by, I only visited the sundial and the beach. The beach there is also very long, but it is narrow and full of people, and the wind and waves are bigger than Yantarny.

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Then I took an electric train (электричка) to Zelenogradsk.
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In Russia, electric trains refer to suburban trains, as opposed to long-haul trains that traditionally use diesel trains. I took this route which operates on a single-track railway. Other than Svetlogorsk-1 and Pionersky, the rest of the stations are unmanned in rural areas. The train speed is also quite slow, the maximum speed is only about 80 km/h, and the frequency is quite sparse, only a departure per few hours. In addition, the train used in this route is also an old train left over from the Soviet era, which is in sharp contrast to the new air-conditioned train running for Kaliningrad.
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Zelenogradsk (Зеленоградск), known as Cranz before the fall, was a larger seaside resort town in Kaliningrad Oblast. I visited the local water tower, but the tower is only a few floors high and not worth going up.
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The bus schedule is also photographed for use on the next day to the Curonian Spit. There are 5 bus routes, which are as follows:
210 Zelenogradsk ↔ Morskoye (5 departures a day, operated by CranzAutoTour)
239 Kaliningrad ↔ Smiltynė (1 departure a day, in the morning from Kaliningrad to Smiltynė, in the afternoon by Smiltynė to Kaliningrad, operated by KönigAuto)
384 Kaliningrad ↔ Klaipėda (1 departure a day, in the morning from Klaipėda to Kaliningrad, in the afternoon Kaliningrad to Klaipėda in the afternoon, operated by Klaipėda Bus Park)
593 Kaliningrad ↔ Morskoye (4 departures a day, operated by ZelenogradskTrans)
596 Svetlogorsk ↔ Morskoye (5 departures a day, operated by SvetlogorskAuto)
(But the 384 line operated by Klaipėda is not listed, the departure is at 17:33).
Only lines 239 and 384 lines with 1 departure a day respectively runs through the entire Curonian Spit, and the rest of the routes end at Morskoye, about 44 km from the entrance of the spit.
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The old boundary pillar was also displayed in the town.
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The beach is a must-see place for me. The beach of Zelenogradsk is more windy, the sea is covered with white caps, and the shore is full of seaweed. There are also many people on the beach.
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A row of wooden walls on the beach is used to prevent the coast from being eroded by the waves. I also swam for a while on the beach with such big waves. After going out of the water, I went to the pier, and saw people jumping pier! Jumping one by one!
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So I also made the first jump in life! The water is in fact not too deep, but just enough. After entering the water, in the Baltic freshwater, a little exhale already get me down to the bottom.

July 25th: Tour of Kaliningrad City

On the next day after the flight, July 25th, I visited museums in the city of Kaliningrad. I first went to the World Ocean Museum, where there were various ships (including research ships, submarines, seaplanes, etc.) and aquariums. I visited the research ship and the submarine, but the explanations were all Russian that I could not understand.

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It also displays many Soviet-era badges and promotional materials, showing the people their ambitions to conquer the Arctic.
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On July 29th, the Navy Day, the museum had celebrations, but unfortunately I had left Russia.
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I went to the Kaliningrad Regional Museum of History and Art, which also displayed works of art and propaganda articles (stepping on Nazi) in Soviet era.
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In the evening, I visited the birthplace of the map theory, the fishing village of Kaliningrad. The famous Königsberg Seven Bridge problem happened here. In 1735, Leonhard Euler proposed that there was no way to walk seven bridges in a one-off manner without repeating it, and published a paper in the following year. After the communist bombing of the Second World War, there were only five of the original seven bridges, which could be passed in one go, so I walked five bridges.

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